VATICAN CITY (CNA)—Father Augustus Tolton advanced along the path to sainthood June 12, making the runaway slave-turned-priest one step closer to being the first black American saint.
Pope Francis recognized the heroic virtue of Father Tolton, making him “venerable” within the Church, only two steps away from canonization. With the decree, Catholics are now authorized to pray directly to Tolton as an intercessor before God.
Venerable John Augustus Tolton was born into slavery in Monroe County, Missouri, in 1854. He escaped slavery with his family during the Civil War by crossing the Mississippi River into Illinois.
The young Tolton entered St. Peter’s Catholic School in Quincy, Illinois, with the help of the school’s pastor, Father Peter McGirr. The priest went on to baptize Tolton, instruct him for his first Holy Communion, and recognize his vocation to the priesthood.
No American seminary would accept Tolton because of his race, so he studied for the priesthood in Rome. However, when Father Tolton returned to the U.S. after his ordination in 1889, thousands of people lined the streets to greet him. A brass band played hymns and Negro Spirituals, and black and white people processed together into the local church.
Father Tolton was the first African American to be ordained a priest. He served for three years at a parish in Quincy, before moving to Chicago to start a parish for black Catholics, St. Monica Parish, where he remained until his death in 1897.